Who would not want to know the history of Balaghat, because Balaghat district is a unique district in the state of Madhya Pradesh, that is why I have written today in this article about the history of Balaghat district.
Hello friends, My name is Pranay and I live in a small village named Sukdighat in Balaghat district and today I will share with you information related to our beloved and favorite district through this article.
I like my Balaghat district very much, and everyone knows that there is no district like our district. that’s why I am enjoying writing about Balaghat.
According to Wikipedia
Balaghat district is a district of Madhya Pradesh state in Central India. The town of Balaghat serves as its administrative headquarters.
Balaghat is known for tile factories and rice mills.
Do you know that our Balaghat district is spread over an area of 9245 sq km, and according to the 2011 census Balaghat has a population of 1701156 and a population density of 180 / km2 [per sq km].
The history of Balaghat dates back to the 14th century, at which time this district was divided into two parts, or the territory was under several dynasties, became a district of independent India in 1949, at present, it is a district dominated by Naxalism which is Called part of the Red Corridor.
Let’s dive into it,
Picture Credit – www.patrika.com
History Of Balaghat District
This is the beginning of the 14th century when our district was divided into two Gond kingdoms, In which the west part of Wainganga was of the Gond kingdom of Deogarh and the eastern part was part of the Garh-Mandla kingdom.
The Nagpur Bhonsle Marathas had captured the Deogarh empire in 1873 and thereafter they also conquered the northern section of the district and then in the Maratha province of Saugor in 1761, the rest of the Garh-Mandla kingdom under the control of Maratha Peshwa. This section was also captured with parts.
In 1818, the Third Anglo-Maratha War ended and shortly afterward the Nagpur Empire became a princely state of British India and then the Kingdom of Nagpur including Balaghat district was also annexed by the British Empire, and Nagpur became a new province.
Balaghat District was then divided among the British districts of Seoni and Bhandara. Nagpur Province was reorganized into the Central Provinces in 1861.
Balaghat district was formed in the year 14 when the amalgamation of parts of Bhandara, Mandla and Seni districts took place. The district headquarters at that time was called Buha or Budha. Later, however, the name fell into disuse and was replaced by “Balaghat”, which was originally only the name of the district.
At that time the district was divided into just 2 tehsils, which included Balaghat tehsil in the south and Baihar tehsil in the north, which included more stable lowlands in the south. The new district was part of the Nagpur Division of the Central Provinces.
In the middle of the 19th century, the upper part of the district was a lightly settled, And a beautiful Buddhist temple of cut stone, belonging to some remote period, is suggestive of a civilization which had disappeared before historic times.
The first deputy commissioner of the district, Colonel Bloomfield is believed as the pioneer or the Creator of Balaghat District who encouraged the settlement of Baihar tehsil with Panwar Rajput from the Wainganga Valley. About that time one Lachhman Panwar established the first villages on the Paraswara plateau. Malanjkhand is the most popular copper mine in the Asian Region.
It is about 1868-1869 when a situation of famine arose due to lack of rain, at which time the rain stopped a month ago. This led to the failure of lowland rice crops and famine. Then after that, due to the famine of 1896-1897, the district was very severely suffering from famine.
At that time, the famine was so terrible that many people lost their lives and due to this, in 1901, the population immediately declined by 23%.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the district had only 15 miles (24 km) of paved roads, together with 208 miles (335 km) of unpaved roads. The Jabalpur-Gondia railway line through the district was completed in 1904, with six stations in the district.
After Indian Independence in 1947, the Central Provinces became the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. In 1956, Balaghat District became part of the Jabalpur Division of Madhya Pradesh, when the districts to the south of Balaghat, including Gondia, Bhandara, and Nagpur districts, were transferred to Bombay State.
Our Balaghat district is very beautiful as well as rich in mineral deposits and forests. Many people have this question that how our Balaghat district was nominated, but many stories are told by the people behind it, as the nomination of our Balaghat district has been given by historians of 1743-1751 time period.
Raghuji was the first Maratha who came here through Kiranpur, and this district comes under the Bhandara district.
In 1845, DALHOUSIE started the tradition of adoption. Through this tradition states of the GOND, emperors were added to the BRITISH states, at that time the actual name of this place was BARAHGHAT. For the fixing of this name, a proposal was sent to the capital of that time Calcutta before 1911.
The name Barahghat drives because all the names of hills contain the word ghat, In which Masen Ghat, Kanjai Ghat, Ranrama Ghat, Basa Ghat, Dongri Ghat, Selan Ghat, Bhaisana Ghat, Saletekri Ghat, Dongaria Ghat, Kavahrgarh ghat, Ahmadpur ghat, Teepagarh Ghat are important.
When this word was sent to Calcutta it merged with ANGL word and the name was Baraghat. When this was returned from there the name changed “L” as Balaghat means in the position of “R” which was permitted. and the District got its name as Balaghat. On 1 November 1956, it was declared as an Independent District of newly created State of Madhya Pradesh.
So this was the history of our Balaghat district, which I tried to write and write my words from a website like Wikipedia, if you like to read the history of Balaghat, then you must share it with your family, relatives, and friends so that They could also know the history of Balaghat